surgical removal of ethmoid sinuses We have eight sinuses from four pairs.
1) Ethmoid sinuses: the sinuses that lie behind your nose bridge between your eyes. It shows our neighborhood. If there is a problem with your ethmoid sinus due to this neighborhood, you will feel it in your eyes. This sinus differs from other sinuses in that it is not a single chamber but consists of five to ten chambers separated by thin bone structures.
2) Maxillary sinuses: sinuses on our right and left cheeks. They are the size of a large apricot. The lower neighbor of these sinuses is our upper teeth. This is why the pain in our teeth.
3) Frontal sinuses: sinuses in our forehead. Size varies from person to person. Some of us do not have such a large volume as there are none. Those with large volume frontal sinuses are usually larger than the foreheads.
4) Sphenoid sinuses: are located in the middle of the skull. It’s about 8 cm behind our nostril. It has a critical location and neighborhood. It is adjacent to the eye nerve and carotid artery. We do not have congenital frontal and sphenoid sinuses. These sinuses develop between 10 and 12 years of age. Maxillary and ethmoid sinuses are present at birth, though small. All the walls of the sinuses are covered with a thin layer of membranes, which we call mucous membranes. We call it mucus. The mucus keeps the sinus moist and captures bacteria, foreign particles and sweeps through the sinus.
There are hairs that help the mucus in sweeping. These hairs are immediately below the mucosal layer. They vibrate very quickly. About six times a second. They have genetic codes planned to remove mucus and captured particles through the sinus. We doctors call these feathers Silya. These continuous cleaning movements of the cilia are very important.
What do our sinuses do?
The sinuses relieve our head, which constitutes one-eighth of our body weight. It enhances our sense of taste and smell. It protects our brain and eyes from impacts from outside. It helps to create the unique color of our voice. It helps to warm and humidify the air we breathe.
Many factors can cause inflammation of our sinuses. These factors can be divided into three categories:
1) Structural reasons, oblique nose middle compartment, broken nose, polyps, tumors,
2) Environmental causes, cigarette smoke, colds, allergies, polluted air, etc.
3) Congenital causes, immune disorders, asthma triad.
Regardless of these reasons, in most cases it is a common triggering condition: the channels where the sinuses open into the nose are blocked.
When the channels are blocked, the secretions produced by our sinuses are trapped inside the sinus. The sinus is filled with secretions produced by itself.
This warm and secreted environment of the occluded sinus provides an excellent environment for germs to grow. In a short time, a few thousand, several hundred thousand and finally millions of bacteria are formed. Inflammation of the sinuses is filled with yellow and green fluids and these fluids have started to flow into our nasal passages.
How do we feel when these events occur in our sinuses?
1) Nasal congestion: Excessive nasal discharge and the effect of this discharge with the swelling of the nasal flesh and membranes as a result of nasal obstruction.
2) Headache: Sinusitis pain is a throbbing cheesy pain. Sometimes it is felt in the form of a feeling of weight on the face. The location of the pain is usually relative to the inflamed sinus. If your teeth and cheeks are painful, your maxillary sinuses are in the foreground. If your forehead is painful, your frontal sinuses are sick. If you have pain in the back of your eyes or in the back of your head, your sphenoid sinuses are sick.
3) Nasal discharge: This discharge is usually yellow, green, sticky discharge. Especially at night, the current dries and adheres to your nasal passages. It becomes difficult to remove. The discharge can cause nausea if swallowed. Dark discharge from the nasal can cause bad breath as it contains bacteria and waste tissue. Again, sore throat and cough are seen with the effect of backflowing stream. If the nasal congestion is affected in the ears, the fullness of the ear may even be impaired in the line. Odor and taste disorders are also common. Fever and fatigue are also common findings.