What is a nasal polyp? In order to answer the question, it is necessary to explain the meaning of the word polyp. As it is known, there are many organs or tissues in the human body filled with air. The lungs, stomach, mouth, nose, sinuses around the nose are examples of the external ear canal.Sinusitis, whose inflammatory state is commonly known as sinusitis, is the air-filled cavities in the head bones associated with the nasal cavity and is called the paranasal sinuses.The human body has a thin, superficial layer of tissue that covers all these cavities and consists of cells. It is called polyps that grow out of the normal structure by hanging out from this layer of tissue. Polyps can develop in any organs or tissues that are hollow and are named according to their location. Ear, vocal cord, stomach, intestinal polyps are good examples of such nomenclature.Polyps may develop from damage to tissues in the nose or mouths that lay the inner surface of the sinuses around the nose opening into the nose. The disease state in which polyps are present is called nasal polyposis. This term refers to polyps in the nose and associated sinuses. Nasal polyps are soft, pale colored, hanging into the nose, painless to touch, gravity displaceable structures.
Polyps used to be cleaned with the classical methods of the naked eye, and nowadays these procedures are performed with light-camera systems, endoscopy systems. Both provide better visibility and polyps are cleaned to the finest point and as little damage to surrounding tissues as possible.The polyps are less likely to relapse than the old methods in endoscopic methods. These operations can be performed under local or general anesthesia. Nowadays, endoscopic procedures are usually performed locally. In this way, less bleeding occurs during the operation and the hospital stay of the patient is shortened.In these surgeries, as in the nose curvature operations, a tampon is placed on the nose for 1-2 days. As with any surgery, these surgeries have their own risks.In general, relatively less important complications such as bleeding or infection can be seen, and serious complications such as damage to the eyeball or nerve, bleeding from adjacent arteries are rarely seen. However, these complications are very unlikely to occur during careful operations. The most important feature of polyps is that they tend to relapse. In order to prevent this type of recurrence, your doctor will give you nasal sprays with steroids for 6-9 months and sometimes even longer, provided that you use them for a long time after the surgery, and it is very important to prevent recurrence.
Another important issue is the regular intranasal dressings at various intervals after surgery. Therefore, you should not disconnect your doctor after surgery.
WHAT ARE THE SURGICAL RESULTS?
The success rate in patients with nasal polyps with simple symptoms without a significant disease and therefore surgery is above ninety percent.However, the success rate decreases with other diseases such as allergy, asthma, cystic fibrosis and aspirin allergy. Nasal polyps may occur again in spite of everything. In such patients, postoperative aim is to delay the formation of polyps as much as possible with drug treatment. Surgery can be repeated if necessary.